When cargo is transported from one country to another without going via the local business base – whether that be by road, rail, sea or air – this is known as cross trade. Cross trade is also sometimes referred to as triangular trade (due to three countries being involved), third party shipments or foreign-to-foreign shipments.

Cross trade services are a cost-effective and efficient way to move goods from manufacturers to customers.

Carbon emission refers to the release of carbon into the atmosphere. Carbon emissions are measured in CO2e – the lower the CO2e, the lower the impact in the environment.

Greenhouse gas emissions are often calculated as carbon dioxide equivalents, so are often referred to collectively as “carbon emissions”.

Making a commitment to net-zero carbon means reducing greenhouse gas emissions with the goal of ensuring that the emissions going into the atmosphere are balanced by emissions being removed from the atmosphere. Net-zero is achieved when the amount added in is no more than the amount taken away.

Net-zero can be achieved by:

  • Reducing emissions across all activities as much as possible
  • Funding the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere

Sustainability refers to meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The concept is often split into three pillars:

  • Environmental: Ensuring environmental systems are balanced and that natural resources are consumed at a rate where they can replenish themselves
  • Economic: Enabling communities around the world to maintain independence through access to the resources they need
  • Social: Ensuring all people have universal human rights and enough resources to be healthy and secure

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is a natural gas that has been converted into its liquid form. To do this, the gas is cooled to approximately -162°C, at which point it becomes a clear, colourless and non-toxic liquid. The cooling process reduces the volume of the gas by 600 times and, once converted to LNG, it will not ignite. This makes LNG easier and safer to transport.

LNG is now emerging as a cost-competitive and cleaner transport fuel. Globally, LNG demand is expected to reach 700 million tonnes by 2040.

Carbon footprint refers to the amount of carbon dioxide contributed due to a company’s business operations.

At Ligentia, we have actively reduced our carbon footprint by utilising container space more efficiently during shipments. This also helps our customers to achieve their carbon offset targets.

Carbon offsetting is the process of reducing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions compensate for emissions made elsewhere.

Carbon offsetting methods include afforestation and carbon sequestration, which aim to slow the pace of climate change.

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) involves a company actively managing their social, economic and environmental impacts on society during business operations.


Dangerous goods (DG) refers to any cargo that could cause harm to a freight forwarder during shipment if not handled correctly.

There are nine categories of dangerous goods:

  • Explosives
  • Flammable liquids
  • Flammable solids
  • Biologicals
  • Corrosive materials
  • Gasses
  • Radioactive materials
  • Toxic and infectious
  • Corrosive materials